Oxyria digyna: A review on the nutritional value, phytochemistry and ethnopharmacology


  • Imad Ahmad Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan
  • Luigi Milella Università della Basilicata
  • Ghallab Alotaibi Shaqra University, Shaqra, KSA


Oxyria digyna, Nutritional values, Phytochemistry, Pharmacological effects, clinical status, Therapeutic potential


Oxyria digyna is an important herb, having a wide geographical distribution. Nutritionally, it has found its place in the meals of various populations living in different parts of the world, both in raw and cooked forms. Traditional uses identified its indications in cancer, depression, hepatitis, jaundice, colic, gastritis, appetite, diuretic, constipation, cough, chest congestion, boils, scurvy. Several pharmacological activities have hastened further experimental exploration of this plant, establishing its efficacy for diabetes, free radical scavenging, gout, and cancer. The important bioactive compounds isolated from this plant are vitexin, orientin, hesperidin, quercetin and stigmasterol. These compounds have extensive effects on human physiology and provide proof that O. digyna is potentially unexplored for its pharmacological efficacy. A detailed metabolomic approach is required to fully characterize the plant as a potential nutraceutical candidate with multiple therapeutic potentials.


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Author Biographies

Imad Ahmad, Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan

Department of Pharmacy, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Mardan-23200, Pakistan

Luigi Milella , Università della Basilicata

Dipartimento di Scienze, Università della Basilicata, Via dell'Ateneo Lucano, 10 85100 Potenza (PZ) Italy

Ghallab Alotaibi, Shaqra University, Shaqra, KSA

Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, College of Pharmacy, Al-Dawadmi Campus, Shaqra University, Shaqra, KSA